FIN B386F Financial Decision Making Questions
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
FIN B386F Financial Decision Making
Weighting: 25% of the course
Ryan, the president of the Open Corporation, is considering leasing or purchasing equipment.
Microtech Corporation has offered to sell the Open Corporation the equipment at a price of
$6010,000. Following its usual practice, the equipment is depreciated over fouryears, at the rates
of 40% for the firstyear, and 20%for each of the remaining three years. The salvagevalue of this
equipment is expected to be 0.
Alternatively, the OpenCorporation can lease theequipment from ScottCorporation. Four annual
lease payments of $1.9 millionare settled at the beginning of each year. Open Corporation can
raise capital by issuing bonds with a yield of 12 percent, and the tax rate for OpenCorporation is
set to be 30 percent.
After comparing the above two options, the Chief Financial Officer of Open Corporation,
commented, “Scott’s offer is financially unreasonable due to a negativeNAL (i.e. net advantage
to leasing) to our company. Therefore, the annual leasepayments should be curtailed. Meanwhile,
we can pay a security depositto Scott as an incentive. This deposit wouldbe returned on the
expiration date of the leasecontract.” In response to CFO’s comments, Ryan added,“If the leasing
term is acceptable to us, this will suggestthat a negativeNAL should be brought to Scott. As far
as I know, leasingis a zero-sum game between the lessee and lessor. I believe Scottreject our
counter offer.” After several roundsof discussion, Ryaneventually determines to propose a
counter offer to Scott, witha reduced leasepayment of $1.8million on annualbasis and a security
deposit of $1,000,000.
(a) In light of the NAL calculation, commenton the following remarks “Scott’s
offer is financially unreasonable due to a negative NAL (i.e.net advantage to
leasing) to our company.”
(b) According to the counteroffer by the Open Corporation, evaluate the NAL
to Scott. What is the reaction of Scott to this counter offer?The tax rate for
Scott is presumed to be 40%.
(c) Critically discuss Ryan’s remark “leasing is a zero sum gamebetween the
lessee and lessor”.
(d) Explain the rationale for lesseesto accept a lease offereven if NALs are
(e) If the purchase of equipment is funded by bond issuance instead of own
capital, do you consider this factor in NAL analysis? Explain.
Question 2 (40 Marks)
Great Car Company Limited, throughits subsidiaries, manufactures and sells pick-up trucksin
Asia market underbranded names. The Companyalso researches, develops, and manufactures
principal automotive components for use in the assembly of pick-up trucks.
The company is considering a new investment project which has the same riskas existing
businesses. The initialoutlay for the project is $55 million. The company expectsthat the project
will generate additional earnings of $10 millionper year. The company currently has no debt.The
current annual earnings available to common stockholders are $80 million.
The company currently has 6 million sharesoutstanding. Currently, the required rate of return on
equity is 12%. Traditionally, the company has paidout all earnings to the stockholders as dividends
and financed capitalexpenditures with new issuesof common stock.All earning streams are
assumed to be perpetuities. There are no taxes and no bankruptcy costs.
(a) Analyze the valueof the firm if common stockis issued to finance the project. (6 marks)
(b) One of the bankssuggests that thecompany can issue $55 million, 9%
perpetual bonds to finance the project. Advisethe value of the company and
the rate of return required by stockholders.
(c) TSL, another competitor firm, has a 8% couponrate convertible bond due 20
years from now.The convertible bond has a parvalue of $1,000and is selling
at $970. The conversion price of thebond is $50 per share. A non-convertible
coupon bond of similar qualityis currently yielding10%. The commonstock
of TSL is selling at $40 pershare. Assume thatbond interest payments are
i Determine the conversion ratio of the convertible bond.