ENG 106 Caribbean Drug Trafficking Research Paper
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
ENG 106 Caribbean Drug Trafficking Research Paper
ENG 106 Caribbean Drug Trafficking Research Paper
Caribbean region is a diverse part of the world that holds several ethnicities, many natural resources, and human resources but its society has been facing danger for several decades from the narcotics trade. This region has been declared the center of the international narcotics trades because of the various and integrated network of the narcotics industry within the countries. Globalization has connected the world in a way that crimes also work in transnational paradigms today, which has helped the center of narcotics to fulfill the increasing global demands of drugs.
At the same time, the war of drugs waged by the United State of America did not produce any fruitful results because of the integrated, strong, and collaborative network of the drug industry, perhaps more integrated than the national governments of the states in the region. The drug trafficking in the region can only be tackled down with the integrated and collaborative efforts of the national governments.
In the Caribbean region, there are found to be certain trends are that became the major cause behind organized crime and illicit drug trafficking in that last few decades. Due to globalization, a lot of fruitful and beneficial trends became popular worldwide.
Similarly, illicit activities also became popular and one of them was the consumption of drugs. Globally, the consumption of drugs increased manifolds in the last few decades, and the Caribbean, being the hub of drug manufacturing and trafficking, played a significant role in the global trafficking of drugs. The institutional structure of the nations in the Caribbean region is not strong enough to control the huge problem of drug trafficking which has been impeding its growth for ages (Bagley 12).
The war on drugs waged by the United States of America did not generate any meaningful success. Consequently, limited victories lead to the situation in which drug abusers and drug lords became bolder to expand their business. They attracted a large amount of younger people who could be their target market.
The cultivation areas for the drugs increased manifolds because of fewer government regulations and at the same time, there has been enhanced proliferation of the drug smuggling routes by which drugs could easily be smuggled around the whole Caribbean region. The organized criminal groups not only dispersed into the large area but also fragmented, which indicates that these groups have been covering large population now and also helped the drug trafficking easier and more convenient for the illicit drug organizers (Seelke).
Governments in the region have been trying to introduce political reforms that can help to control this menace in society. But the reforms were proven to be useless due to the lack of systematic procedures. Meanwhile, their efforts for state-building also have been proved to be unsuccessful because of the lack of will among the stakeholders.
There are not enough crime control policies facilitating its trafficking in the Caribbean region and a lack of domestic drug control policies in the United States of America. These two situations helped the drugs to reach a larger audience more easily.
Although all governments united to make international efforts, it still did not each to any conclusion because of the lack of systematic procedure and follow-up and consequently, regional drug control policies are not echnough to address such huge problems at a larger scale.
There is an extreme lack of support system for the local governments to control the issue at the national level, which is used by drug organizers to conduct and even expand their business without any hesitation. The policies that are in place at the moment, at local and regional or international levels are not being applied in true sense which also encourages the proliferation of the drugs in the region (Bagley 35).
States in the Caribbean Community and Common Market and the United States of America have rather a conflictual relationship with each other. They cooperate when it comes to economic and social integration but results are not as fruitful as the governments of the region expect.
Elites of the United States of America and the states under the Caribbean Community and Common Market realized the significance of the ‘war on drugs’ and collaborated to generate impactful result but they could not reach it due to several reasons.
The government of the United States has been pressuring them to take necessary actions but it results in a conflictual approach regarding the sovereignty of the states in this region which restricts the United States to directly take any actions. The drug cartels have become stronger in the region and have a stronger network than the connection of governments across the borders.
There has been increased coca generation and proliferation in the West Indies and subsequently a larger market in the country that makes West Indies the major hub of cocaine production and trafficking. Cocaine is also being consumed at a larger scale, especially in the form of crack.
The use of drugs in the region can be traced down by measuring the content of the wastewater in the region. In the Caribbean region, a campaign was started and took place for the seven days in which wastewater samples were taken from the four wastewater treatment plants of the Martinique capital.
Samples were taken at a different interval, both at the working and nonworking time. The results showed that the consumption of the drugs in the region is approximately 10 to 30 times more than the amount that the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development has set which shows the increased quantity of drug abuse in the region (Damien 973).
The location of the Caribbean region makes it a lucrative area for the proliferation of drug trafficking and organized crimes. It is also so rich in the quantity that it is one of the most flourishing illicit businesses in the area. Several transnational criminal enterprises are working in the region which makes it easier for businesses to flourish in a large area.
Globalization and internationalization in recent decades have also allowed the translational progression of the crime, especially in the areas that are well integrated. Just like globalization has banished the concept of borders to some extent and borders are considered the connecting points for linking different regions of the world.
This version of borders also comes up with the issues which were not present before and one of the issues is the proliferation of the drugs globally without check and balance (Sanders 380). The Britain and Jamaica border allows the drug proliferation and trafficking between two continents. People move to the developed country for better life and employment opportunities and at the same time, they bring illicit activities there to get more money as compared to their home countries.
There are established drug production and trafficking networks across the border of Jamaica and Britain which helps the Caribbean region to connect its network to the global market. A similar pattern can be seen within the American continent between Latin America and the United States of America where better currency helps the drug proliferation networks to gain profits.
There are huge drug consumption and production network across this border which needs the collective efforts by both nations, which has been conducted by the government of both countries several times. It has also increased the attention of both nations on border problems i.e. drug trafficking and the illegal immigration that is also connected with the drug issues.
This article has analyzed all the problems that are associated with this border and the basis behind it. It has been found out that the mutual governmental efforts have been proven to be advantageous in minimizing the border problems across the border (Haughton 290).
The national police and governments in the Caribbean find it difficult to curb the problem due to the magnitude and the strength of the drug network across the region. The crime rate also has increased manifolds due to the issue of drug trafficking which includes increased kidnapping, burglary incidents, and murders.
The network of drug cartels and criminals is so integrated and advanced within the community that experts suspect that infiltration had been expanded to the police and government departments as well. It is directly linked with the decreased tourism and international trade in the region that gave rise to unemployment. It also provided incentives to illegal businesses in the region. Drug lords rule the streets of the region and there is no law and order (Munroe 190).
The ongoing debate of legalizing the drugs has deteriorated the situation of drug control manifolds. At the same time there is an increased demand for drugs across the globe and Caribbean, being the hub of the drugs has been responding to the demand with the help of integrated networks in the region.
The international trade of narcotics has the major center in this region. In the Caribbean region, the state of affairs has gotten so worse that criminals and the drug lords rule the region which needs to tackle down by the thoughtful and careful intervention by the entire community of the region.
Governments should take the necessary actions by cooperating with the regional countries and the international community to make the region drug free and criminals free. It has been destroying their economy and the political and social life of the region. This issue has a much deeper and dark side which has been destroying the society, therefore only international cooperation can help the national governments to tackle this issue.
In this way, this menace of the society can be eliminated because it has been impeding the collaborative and integrated growth of the region for decades.
Bagley, Bruce. “Drug trafficking and organized crime in Latin America and the Caribbean in the twenty-first century: challenges to democracy.” Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today (2015): 1-19.
Bagley, Bruce. “Globalisation and Latin American and Caribbean organized crime.” Global crime 6.1 (2004): 32-53.
Damien, Devault A., et al. “First evaluation of illicit and licit drug consumption based on wastewater analysis in Fort de France urban area (Martinique, Caribbean), a transit area for drug smuggling.” Science of the total environment 490 (2014): 970-978.
Haughton, Suzette A. “The Jamaica–Britain border and drug trafficking.” The Round Table 96.390 (2007): 279-303.
Munroe, Trevor. “Cooperation and conflict in the US-Caribbean Drug Connection.” The Political Economy of Drugs in the Caribbean. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2000. 183-200.
Sanders, Ronald. “Crime in the Caribbean: An overwhelming phenomenon.” The Round Table 92.370 (2003): 377-390.
Seelke, Clare Ribando, ed. Latin America and the Caribbean: Illicit drug trafficking and US counterdrug programs. DIANE Publishing, 2010.