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Lean Operations in Toyota Motor Corporation Essay
Lean, Operations, Toyota, Motor, Corporation, Essay
Read the Harris article and watch the Videos on Lean Operations in Toyota Motor Corporation – and respond to the following:
Global Company Profile Toyota Motor Corporation
Toyota Motor Corporation, with $250 billion in annual sales of over 9 million cars and trucks, is one of the largest vehicle manufacturers in the world. Two Lean techniques, just-in-time (JIT) and the Toyota Production System (TPS), have been instrumental in its growth.
Toyota, with a wide range of vehicles, competes head-to-head with successful, long-established companies in Europe and the U.S. Taiichi Ohno, a former vice president of Toyota, created the basic framework for two of the world’s most discussed systems for improving productivity, JIT and TPS. These two concepts provide much of the foundation for Lean operations:
Toyota’s implementation of TPS and JIT is present at its 2,000-acre San Antonio, Texas, facility, the largest Toyota land site for an automobile assembly plant in the U.S. Interestingly, despite its large site and annual production capability of 200,000, a throughput time of 20 ½ hours, and the output of a truck every 63 seconds, the building itself is one of the smallest in the industry.
Modern automobiles have 30,000 parts, but at Toyota, independent suppliers combine many of these parts into subassemblies. Twenty-one of these suppliers are on site at the San Antonio facility and transfer components to the assembly line on a JIT basis.
Operations such as these taking place in the San Antonio plant are why Toyota continues to perform near the top in quality and maintain the lowest labor-hour assembly time in the industry. Lean operations do work—and they provide a competitive advantage for Toyota Motor Corporation.