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A Broader Term for Information Technology
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is a broader term for Information Technology (IT), which refers to all communication technologies, including the internet, wireless networks, cell phones, computers, software, middleware, video-conferencing, social networking, and other media applications and services enabling users to access, retrieve, store, transmit, and manipulate information in a digital form. The Internet boom of the last half of the 1990s seemed to herald the arrival of a “New Economy” with its promise that, after the stagnation of the early 1990s, innovation in information and communication technologies (ICT) would regenerate economic prosperity.
ICTs “exert different levels of influence on democracy and corruption in emerging societies” (Soper DS, Demirkan H, 2012) Subjects showed the highest scores in basic ICT skills, which include knowledge of computer systems, use of the operating system, search internet and communication and networking. Technology have long been recognized as critical elements of economic and social development.
This perspective on the powerful role of ICT usage for social change is not only limited to political uprisings but also extends to the field of gender and development studies, with many scholars linking ICTs use to achieving women’s empowerment and emancipation. While the benefits of this transformation can be massive, there are also tremendous risks to our society.
Soper, D. S., & Demirkan, H. (2012). How ICTs Affect Democracy